Thursday, October 2

The Upland Fire Department

Emergency Medical Services

Welcome

The City of upland Provides EMS services to it's citizens. A Fire Engine with 2 EMT's and 1 Paramedic respond to all 911 calls. They provide BLS , and ALS care.

Household Sharps Program

To improve the safety and handling of sharps, sharps are only accepted in an approved sharps container at the City of Upland's Household Hazardous Waste (HHW) Facility.

HHW Hours: Every Saturday, from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m., except during inclement weather and holiday weekends.

For more information, please go to:
http://www.ci.upland.ca.us/asp/Site/PublicWorks/Waste/HHW/index.asp
or call (909) 291-2935

Drownings

Drowning Fact Sheet

Drowning accidents are the leading cause of injury/deaths among children under five. A temporary lapse in supervision is a common factor in most drownings and near-drownings. Child drownings can happen in a matter of seconds--in the time it takes to answer the phone. There is often no splashing to warn of trouble. Children can drown in small quantities of water and are at risk in their own homes from wading pools, bathtubs, buckets, diaper pails, and toilets as well as swimming pools, spas, and hot tubs.

Death and Injuries

A swimming pool is 14 times more likely than a motor vehicle to be involved in the death of a child age 4 and under. Each year, approximately 1,150 children ages 14 and under drown; more than half are preschoolers (ages 0-4). An estimated 5,000 children ages 14 and under are hospitalized due to near-drownings annually in the United States. Of children surviving near-drownings, 5-20 percent suffer severe and permanent disability.

Where Drownings Happen

Approximately 50 percent of preschooler drownings occur in residential swimming pools.

Each year, more than 2,000 preschooler near-drownings occur in residential pools. Of preschooler pool drownings, 65 percent occur in the child's home pool and 33 percent at the homes of friends, neighbors or relatives.

Each year, 350 drownings (for all ages) happen in bathtubs and approximately 40 children drown in five-gallon buckets.

In ten states--Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Hawaii, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Washington-- drowning surpasses all other causes of death to children ages 14 and under.

How and When Drownings Happen

Of all preschoolers who drown, 70 percent are in the care of one of both parents at the time of the drowning. Of all preschoolers who drown, 75 percent are missing from sight for five minutes or less.

Two-thirds of all drownings happen between May and August with 40 percent occurring on Saturdays and Sundays.

CPR

What is CPR?

It is the artificial method of circulating blood and oxygen through a body and attempting to keep the brain alive. CPR does work. When initiated within four minutes, the survival rate is 43 percent. When initiated within four to eight minutes, the survival rate is ten percent.

Why Learn CPR?

One in seven people will have the opportunity to use CPR in their lifetime. Ninety percent of the time, CPR will be done on a family member or close friend. More than 650,000 people die annually from heart attack in the United States each year. More than 350,000 die before reaching the hospital. When the brain starts to go four to six minutes without oxygen, brain damage/death begins.

Risk Factors

Factors that cannot be changed:
Heredity - cannot change your genetic background
Sex - women have lower incidents of heart attack
Race - Blacks have a 45 percent greater chance of high blood pressure
Age - risks increase with age, however, one in four deaths occur under age 65.

Factors that can be changed:
Smoking - one pack a day increases heart attack rate two times over a nonsmoker and stroke rate five times over a nonsmoker.
Hypertension - (high blood pressure) is a major risk factor but with no specific symptoms. One in three adults or 58,000 Americans have high blood pressure controlled by diet, exercise and medications.
Diet - high fat, high cholesterol foods cause plaque to collect on artery walls constricting blood flow.

Other factors
Obesity - obese middle aged men have three times greater risk of heart attack.
Lack of exercise - regular aerobics exercise at least three times a week.
Stress - A Type A personality, with a sense of urgency, drive and competitiveness, has a greater risk.

Signs and Symptoms of Heart Attack

1. Chest pain - can be an uncomfortable pressure, tightness or feeling of indigestion, heavy squeezing pain like a weight on the chest, can radiate to left arm and neck
2. Nausea/vomiting
3. Shortness of breath
4. Pale, sweaty cold skin
5. May have no signs or symptoms (silent Myocardial infarction)

Actions for Survival

1. Recognize signals
2. Stop activity, rest, lay down
3. If pain lasts more than two minutes, call for help
4. Patient's having early signs often deny having a heart attack
5. Be prepared to do CPR, if alone do CPR for one minute, then call 9-1-1.

Four reasons to stop CPR

1. Patient is revived
2. You are relieved by another trained individual
3. Become exhausted
4. Doctor is present and pronounces death

The law now protects people who render emergency care.

Good Samaritan Act - Article 4 ARS.#32-1471

Health care providers and other persons administering emergency aid are not liable. Any health care provider licensed or certified to practice as such in this state or elsewhere or any other person who renders emergency care at a public gathering or at a scene of an emergency occurrence gratuitously and in good faith, shall not be liable for any civil or other damages as the result of any act or omission by which person rendering the emergency care, or as the result of any act or failure to act to provide or arrange for further medical treatment or care for the injured persons, unless such person, while rendering such care, is guilty of gross negligence.